Campus Safety and the Emmanuel College Emergency Preparedness Committee has continued to refine its procedures and guidance concerning emergency response to include Active Threat and Active Shooter.
In the event of an active threat/active shooter Emmanuel College community guidance is based on the U.S. Homeland Security response strategy RUN-HIDE-FIGHT also referenced in the Emmanuel College Emergency Response Guide. If you encounter a threat: RUN-HIDE-FIGHT.
- Be aware of your environment and any possible dangers
- Take note of the two nearest exits in any room you are located
- If you are in a room or office, stay there and secure the door
- If you are in a hallway or open area, get into a room and secure the door
- As a last resort, attempt to take the active threat down. When the shooter is at close range and you cannot flee, your chance of survival is much greater if you try to incapacitate the individual.
- Continuously monitor the Rave Emergency Notification system for situational awareness. (Text, Email, and Telephone)
- If not on campus DO NOT come to campus.
Quickly determine the most reasonable way to protect your own life.
1. RUN-Evacuate. If there is an accessible escape path, attempt to evacuate.
Be sure to:
- Have an escape route and plan in mind
- Evacuate regardless of whether others agree to follow
- Leave your belongings behind
- Help others escape, if possible
- Prevent individuals from entering an area where the active shooter may be
- Keep your hands visible
- Follow the instructions of Campus Safety and police officers
- Do not attempt to move wounded people
- Call 911 when you are safe, if required
2. HIDE. If evacuation is not possible, find a place to hide where the active shooter is less likely to find you.
Your hiding place should:
- Be out of the active shooter’s view away from windows and doors
- Provide protection if shots are fired in your direction (i.e., a room with a closed and locked door)
- Your hiding place should not trap or restrict your options for movement
- If possible hide behind large items (i.e., cabinets, desks)
To prevent an active shooter from entering your hiding place:
- Lock the door
- Blockade/Barricade the door with heavy furniture
- Silence all electronic devises
- Remain quiet and calm
- Do not activate fire alarms this will trigger people to leave safe areas
- Dial 911, if possible, to alert police to the active shooter’s location. If you cannot speak, leave the line open and allow the dispatcher to listen
3. FIGHT. Take Action against the active shooter as a last resort, and only when your life is in imminent danger.
- Attempt to disrupt and/or incapacitate the active shooter by:
- Acting as aggressively as possible against the individual(s)
- Throwing items and improvising weapons
- Committing to your actions
CALL Campus Safety/911 WHEN IT IS SAFE TO DO SO!
Law enforcement’s purpose is to stop the active shooter as soon as possible. Officers will proceed directly to the area of the threat.
- Armed Officers may wear regular patrol uniforms or tactical uniforms
- Officers may be armed with tactical equipment
- Officers may shout commands, and may push individuals to the ground for their safety
How to react when law enforcement arrives:
- Remain calm, and follow officers’ instructions
- Put down any items in your hands (i.e., bags, jackets)
- Immediately raise hands and spread fingers
- Keep hands visible at all times
- Avoid making quick movements toward officers such as holding on to them for safety
- Avoid pointing, screaming and/or yelling
- Do not stop to ask officers for help or direction when evacuating, just proceed in the direction from which officers are entering the premises
- Once you have reached a safe location or an assembly point, you will likely be held in that area by law enforcement until the situation is under control.
Do not leave until law enforcement authorities have instructed you to do so. Information to provide to law enforcement or 911 operator:
- Location of the active shooter
- Number of shooters, if more than one
- Physical description of shooter/s
- Number and type of weapons held by the shooter/s
- Number of potential victims at the location
The first officers to arrive to the scene will not stop to help injured persons. Expect rescue teams comprised of additional officers and emergency medical personnel to follow the initial officers. These rescue teams will treat and remove any injured persons.
In response to an active threat/active shooter the college may initiate a Lockdown Order. All students, staff and faculty should be aware of the following definitions concerning a Lockdown and Shelter-In-Place.
1. Lockdown. A lockdown provides protection when weapon-related violence is in progress or imminent in a building or on campus. It is designed to place barriers between the building occupants and assailant(s).
2. Shelter-In-Place. A Shelter-in-place provides refuge for occupants within a campus building during an incident. It is used when it is safer inside the building than outside. Some examples:
- Violence or criminal activities outside a building or off campus, such as a violent person in the neighborhood
- Weather and Medical Emergencies
- Chemical leaks or hazardous airborne threats
Since individual planning is critical, the below active threat resources and training should be reviewed by all community members.
- Lockdown/Shelter-in-Place Guidance and FAQ
- COF produced instructional video on Active Threat/Run-Hide-Fight
- The Boston Consortium for Higher Education video on active threat
- US Homeland Security Active Shooter Pocket Card
Please direct any questions or clarifications to Campus Safety in person, by telephone (617) 735-9710 or by email security [at] emmanuel.edu (security[at]emmanuel[dot]edu).