Laws and Legislation

Federal Laws

Equal Pay Act of 1963 – A United States federal law amending the Fair Labor Standards Act, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – Prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) – Prohibits employment discrimination against persons 40 years of age or older.

Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 – Section 503 prohibits federal contractors and subcontractors from discriminating in employment against individuals with disabilities (IWDs), and requires these employers to take affirmative action to recruit, hire, promote, and retain these individuals.

The Vietnam Era Veterans’ Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 – The Vietnam Era Veterans’ Readjustment Assistance Act (VEVRAA) requires covered federal government contractors and subcontractors to take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment specified categories of veterans protected by the Act and prohibits discrimination against such veterans.

Age Discrimination Act of 1975 – prohibits discrimination on the basis of age in programs and activities receiving Federal financial assistance.

Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 – A law that amended and repealed sections of the Immigration and Nationality Act and comprehensively addressed the issue of unauthorized immigration.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 – prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodation, communications, and governmental activities.

Civil Rights Act (CRA) of 1991 – modifies some of the basic procedural and substantive rights provided by federal law in employment discrimination cases.

Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) 1993 – A United States federal law requiring covered employers to provide employees job-protected and unpaid leave for qualified medical and family reasons.

Executive Order 11246 – Prohibits federal contractors and federally–assisted construction contractors and subcontractors, who do over $10,000 in Government business in one year from discriminating in employment decisions on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or national origin.

Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act – Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin in programs and activities receiving Federal financial assistance.

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 – Comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally-funded education program or activity.

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 – National law that protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability.

Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act of 1994 – Requires co-educational institutions of postsecondary education that participate in a Title IV, federal student financial assistance program, and have an intercollegiate athletic program, to prepare an annual report to the Department of Education on athletic participation, staffing, and revenues and expenses, by men’s and women’s teams.

Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990 – Requires colleges to report campus crime statistics and security measures to all students and employees by October 1st of each year.

State Laws

Chapter 151B of the General Laws of Massachusetts – Prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sex.

114th Article of Amendment to the MA Constitution

MA General Law Chapter 149 Section 105(a) – States that no employer shall discriminate in any way in the payment of wages as between the sexes, or pay any person in his employ salary or wage rates less than the rates paid to employees of the opposite sex for work of like or comparable character or work on like or comparable operations.

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